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<p><b>The Anonymous Afghan Refugee_1-2</b></p>

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<p>This is a case about a photograph taken by a roving National Geographic photographer called Steve McCurry who in 1984 was on the Afghan Pakistan border in the Pashtun region and at a refugee camp and he took a photograph of a young 12 year old Pashtun girl who some 20 or so years later they discovered was called Sharbat Gula, but he did not have her name at the time and this photograph was then run as a cover on the National Geographic magazine in America and subsequently became one of the all time hundred greatest photos published by National Geographic and in fact was on the cover of that issue. </p>

<p>Part of its appeal seems to be for a photographer or publisher was that it was such a nuance shot of a young woman who was clearly under some anxiety, who&#8217;s got these beautiful famous green eyes. </p>

<p>In terms of its trajectory as an icon of the media world it&#8217;s really part of it is to do with its mystery, part of it is to do with its aesthetic beauty and also the ambivalence that war creates that feeling of desperation and human anxiety which was behind it as well.</p>

<p>This photograph has actually generated an enormous sum of money, huge prestige, worldwide acclaim. When they did go back to Afghanistan in 2004 they had to ask her husband for permission to photograph her and they found a women who had had a very hard life, she had three children, she was suffering from the bereavement of her young child who had died and clearly if you look at the two photos, the second face is of a woman who has aged more than 25 years. You know I think that the ethical issues around that are more about how photographers, how publishers treat their subjects and how why you know not did it take them so long to find her, one can understand that, but why was compensation not a feature of the return.</p>

<p>Maybe in 15 years we will know whether this was an ethical event or in fact and I am sure it would not have you know 20 years ago, 50 years ago, these people in photographs, even today, these people in photographs are not getting paid whereas I see the future again I would imagine that if somebody photographs me I want a release, I want a confidentiality, I want a control of my image and I think we are&#8230; it is going to come the point where you do not take a photograph without getting a release, because you will&#8230; you know a legal case will follow, negligence might be found. Very rarely is there simple black and white and professional ethics tends to and I think the notes to this discussion were rather it is all about how the photographer makes a judgement and then how the editor evaluates that and creates a set of further judgements and then how the publisher takes that on. If ethics is about anything it is about protecting. </p>

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